The network warehouse is a sum of some warehouses that can be mobilized at any time with the help of advanced communication devices. The area covered by the network warehouse can be large. According to the number and distance of the order, it is transmitted to the network center through the network to deal with Choose, choose a full amount of inventory and the nearest warehouse to deliver to demand
What are the characteristics of network warehouses?
The coverage area of the network warehouse is very wide. According to the number and distance conditions of the order, the information is passed to the center of the network through the network channel to quickly find the pairing. Demand (receiving party) recent storage warehouse. The network of warehouses is not accidental but inevitable. It is an inevitable product under the rapid development of the modern economy.
The emergence of the network warehouse has changed the traditional warehouse concept. The network of warehouses makes the mobilization of materials between the warehouse meaningless. The network of the warehouse has greatly reduced the mobilization of the goods between the warehouse. From the factory to the*final destination, the material may only be transported by first to the second, which greatly saves transportation costs. And the distance between manufacturers and consumers is one step closer, which is of great significance for manufacturers to correctly plan the production quantity and arrange production plans.
There is also a significant feature of the network warehouse, which can be visible but invisible.
The network warehouse is actually a virtual warehouse. It uses a powerful information flow to coordinate the network warehouse to use resources to meet the demand for setting goods and increase the amount of order. Increased storage costs.
The network of warehouses is the product of modern information technology, and it is also a requirement for economic progress.
The difference between online warehouse and offline warehouse
Traditional offline warehouse -oriented customer groups are often known stores or dealers. Usually, the number of customers is small and the duplicate rate is high, and there is a certain order of ordering. It’s hard to master (almost no regular).
The average daily average daily single volume of traditional offline storage storage and low frequency of refresh, but the average order is large in batch; the e -commerce storage is just the opposite. The number of orders per day is also high (because the terminal customer order is irregular), and the average order batch is small.
Number of orders
Usually there are dozens of or hundreds of orders for offline warehouses. Generally, they are selected according to the order category or combined with the customer category. The e -commerce storage is the opposite. Generally, there are only fewer orders. Relatively less. In order to avoid waste in accordance with the path of single selection, the summary selection with higher efficiency is usually divided into two types: side selection and summary distribution according to factors such as business models and product forms.
Average customer order volume
It refers to the total number of goods in the average order. The average order of traditional offline storage is relatively large in batches, while e -commerce storage is usually less.
Order time rate
Compared with the time limit for order response of traditional offline storage, the requirements of e -commerce storage in this regard are higher. It needs to be processed in real time for the order, and the order response speed is needed faster.
Due to the unknown -oriented terminal consumers, the accuracy requirements for orders are much higher than that of traditional offline storage. Therefore, the requirements for e -commerce storage in picking operations and reviewing operations are higher.
. Order volume fluctuations
Most of the orders of traditional offline storage are distributed according to planning, the orders are known and planned; and e -commerce storage is affected by various e -commerce promotion and online activities (such as 618, Double 11, Double 12), orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, orders, and orders. The volatility of growth is very large, which requires us to fully consider the flexibility of various resources during the event during the storage planning (such as venues, personnel, equipment, system accounts, etc.).
Generally speaking, whether it is traditional offline warehousing or e -commerce storage, the number of SKUs will not be too small to meet business needs, but some offline storage will be provided by some SKUs. Excessive inventory pressure to alleviate some warehouses; and e -commerce warehousing usually requires more SKUs, especially department store e -commerce in order to meet the consumer demand of more consumers.
Single SKU stocking volume
Offline warehouses are generally batch stocking, and e -commerce storage is stored in a limited warehouse space in order to ensure more SKUs in a limited warehouse space. At the same time, it ensures that the inventory is fast -forward and fast out. The number of SKU stocks is usually not high.
Returning order volume
The return of e -commerce warehousing is relatively large, and it is not planned (especially in shoe and clothing e -commerce); and the refund of offline storage is mostly planned and relatively less.
Traditional offline storage is mainly based on logistics distribution (zero logistics, trunk logistics), supplementary express delivery; and e -commerce is mostly courier (four -pass and one -to -one). system.
Through the comparison and understanding of online warehouses and offline warehouses, we can see several characteristics of e -commerce warehouses:
It is mainly manifested in the unplanned order, unknown place for ordering customers, unknown time for ordering, and unknown orders.
It is mainly manifested in the promotion or the volatility of orders during various e -commerce activities, and orders often grow in geometry
Due to the volatility of orders, the arrangements for e -commerce storage are slightly embarrassing, especially during the promotion period, this requires us to be able to adjust the personnel more flexibly and use temporary personnel to ease the pressure of promotion.
Regionalization of warehousing
The inventory of goods is getting closer to consumers. The most typical case is platform vendors such as Jingdong. They can predict those products based on big data. Consumers in which region are most concentrated and are mixed into warehouses in the corresponding area in advance.
Diversity of the platform
Industry vertical e-commerce platforms, e-commerce platforms of online shopping malls such as jd.com and Suning, and spontaneous e-commerce platforms of brands or traders; Different platforms mean different business needs, which requires our warehouse to have more flexible business process management