Industrial factory buildings refer to various houses directly used for production or supporting the production, including main workshops, auxiliary houses and accessories. Factory buildings in industries, transportation, commerce, construction, and scientific research, and schools should be included. In addition to the workshop used for industrial plants, it also includes its subsidiary buildings.
Industrial plant, as the name suggests, is used in the house in the process of industrial production. In addition to the workshop used for industrial factories, it also includes its subsidiary buildings, such as power distribution rooms, water supply rooms, sewage discharge, and equipment and material storage, which belong to the category of industrial plants, or part of the industrial plant.
(1) Classification according to the owner:
All factories in the development zone are usually standard factories. 2. All factories in the development zone, including parts or all factories of foreign -funded enterprises and domestic -funded enterprises. It also includes factory buildings that specialize in factories construction and leasing in a certain development zone.
(2) Classification according to the property right certificate:
Factory buildings with legal property rights
Factory without property rights. (Usually not due to the local real estate right certificate, including two types of punishment for illegal construction and no punishment for illegal construction)
(3) Classification of the structure and supporting facilities of the plant:
Single -layer/multi -layer, whether there are driving, whether or not power supply, whether there are water supply, and sewage.
(4) According to the characteristics of product production, industrial plants can be roughly divided into the following three types.
(1) General production plant: plant produced in normal environment.
(2) Explosive and fire risk production plant: normal production of electronic radiator or factory buildings with explosive and fire hazards.
(3) Production plants in harsh environments: Dust, humid, high temperature or steam, vibration, smoke, acid -base corrosive gas or substances, and radiation substance production plants.
The industrial plant can be divided into single -story industrial buildings and multi -story industrial buildings according to its architectural structure. 
Most of the factory buildings of multi -storey industrial buildings are found in light industry, electronics, instrumentation, communication, medicine and other industries. Such factory floors are generally not very high. Its lighting design is similar to common scientific research experiment buildings.
Most of the fluorescent light lighting schemes are used. Production plants in industries such as machinery processing, metallurgy, textiles, etc. are generally single -story industrial buildings, and according to the needs of production, more multi -span single -layer industrial plants, that is, a multi -span plant that is tailored next to parallel. It can be the same or different.
On the basis of meeting the requirements of a certain building modulus, a single -story plant needs to determine its building width (span), length, and height. The span B: 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 36m … The length of the plant is L: less than tens of meters to hundreds of meters. The height of the plant building is 5-6m, the height can reach 30 to 40m, or even higher. The span and height of the plant are the main factor considering in the design of the plant.
In addition, according to the needs of industrial production continuity and product transportation between the construction sections, there are cranes with a crane in most industrial factories. The maximum can be 800T). Therefore, factory lighting is usually implemented with lamps installed on the roof.
Standard factory design specifications
One，The design of industrial plant must implement the relevant national policies and policies of the country, so as to achieve advanced technology, reasonable economy, safe applicability, ensure quality, and meet the requirements of energy conservation and environmental protection.
Second, these specifications are applicable to the design of industrial factory buildings that are newly built and reconstructed and expanded, but they are not suitable for the biological cleaning room with bacteria as the object. Regarding the provisions of this specification on fire and evacuation and fire protection facilities, it is not applicable to the design of high -rise industrial factories and underground industrial plants with a height of more than 24 meters.
Three， When using the original building for clean technology transformation, the design of the industrial plant must be treated according to the requirements of the production process, which is treated according to local conditions and distinguished, and makes full use of existing technical facilities.
Fourth, the design of the industrial plant should create necessary conditions for construction installation, maintenance management, testing and safe operation.
Five， In addition to the implementation of this specification, the design of the industrial plant shall still meet the relevant requirements of the current national standards and specifications.
Six，The industrial plant is an independent building (workshop) and an independent building (dormitory). The distance standard between the two buildings is 10 meters, and it must not be less than 5 meters recently to qualify for inspection and acceptance. The proportion of buildings to the building area to the building area is 1: 3.