From scratch construction, first of all, what you need to consider is the use of the warehouse and the degree of logistics you want to achieve after doing it. Then design the house structure in advance according to the prediction of communicating with the housing construction department. Then choose the appliance according to the action of the warehouse, such as bicycles, rail vehicles, electric vehicles, forklifts, etc., and then select material racks and warehouse staff. Finally, the system construction and implementation system;
If there are already houses that only need to be adjusted according to the actual situation, first plan the logistics and flow channels according to the role of the warehouse, secondly select the appliance, then select the material rack and warehousing personnel, and finally the system construction and implementation system.
A standardized warehouse, in summary, can actually be attributed to a sentence, you are not here, operating as usual. The warehouse was not established for the warehouse manager, but for the new employee. When you ask for leave, others can immediately carry out work, which will not cause the warehouse to be disconnected or found unable to find things due to the loss of personnel. So to achieve this requirement, then the scientific management and planning of the warehouse must be crucial.
The core content of warehouse management and planning
Warehouse and Warehouse Planning Planning
Of course, companies can maintain a lot of inventory, and then any foreseeable demand level can guarantee supply. But maintaining inventory will lead to expenditure expenditure and efficiency losses. If the inventory remains at a reasonable level, the plane layout of the warehouse, the calculation of the warehouse area, and determining the warehouse parameter are the focus of the warehouse planning. Use effective inventory management methods (such as quantitative ordering method, regular ordering method, and demand -driven lean supply method) to calculate the safety inventory, minimum inventory, and effective inventory, and determine the best ordering point. In addition, unnecessary inventory of small parts, how to perform zero inventory, warehouse adverse symptoms, and improvement are also the content that should be considered.
Warehouse business management plan
The warehousing plan formulation warehousing plans include: in -out and exit plans, storage and maintenance plans, facility and equipment use plans, labor organization plans, and warehousing costs. Accurate compilation of warehousing plans is an important condition to ensure the utilization of warehouses and accelerate warehouse turnover. Only by planning can only maintain the balance and stability of the storage of goods in the warehouse and avoid “temporarily hugging the feet”.
Store management plan
Pick -up, acceptance, and registration are indispensable steps for the management of warehouses. Before picking up the goods, you must be fully prepared; the acceptance of the goods must be meticulous, and it is not bad. There are no omissions at all of the assignments such as registration, input computers, and freight confirmation, otherwise it will cause a series of troubles. In addition, the storage control of the finished and semi -finished products, the preparation of the material entry of the material, the inspection and acceptance of the material in the warehouse, the physical acceptance, and the processing of the processing of the process of processing the goods are also one of the routine work.
Outbuilding Management Plan
Outbuilding management is the last link before the end of the warehouse operation. The number, variety, and consignee must be checked. The outbound control of finished products, semi -finished products, and semi -finished returns control the preparations before the warehouse should be done in advance, otherwise it is easy to make mistakes.
Warehouse storage planning
■ Freight management. What areas, which areas, columns, rows, and shelters in each piece of goods should be clear at a glance, accurate;
■ Stacking management of cargo. Including the rationality of height, width, and channels, the structure and stability of the goods stacking; the reliability and effectiveness of fire prevention equipment and fire protection measures; the warehouse ground loading and ventilation, heat dissipation, cold, and warmth in the warehouse. The treatment of dumb, exclusion of waste, alarm, dividing material area, design storage space, material coding, cargo position encoding, and inventory operation are also the focus of management.
■ Inventory and on -site management. The selection of the inventory method and the confirmation of the on -site inventory system (such as the management of the board) is an important part of inventory and on -site management.
Warehouse material storage plan
① Waterproof, fire prevention, and anti -pressure.
② Fixed -point, positioning, quantitative.
③ Advanced first.
① Dangerous items should be isolated and stored.
② Avoid using warehouses in humid places and try to use the card plate at the bottom.
③ Protective measures such as fire prevention, anti -theft, and waterproof should be considered thoughtful.
④ The anti -pressure measures of cargo should be done well, and the ground load cannot exceed.
⑤ Keep proper temperature and humidity, pay attention to ventilation and good lighting conditions.
⑥ Ensure that the fire channels are unblocked, the channels cannot be stacked.
⑦ The material should be placed neatly and smoothly, and discharged in the sequence of the district and number. ⑧ Keep and clean, and maintain it according to the requirements of “5S”.
Warehouse inventory plan
What are the main contents of the preparation work?
① Determine the inventory program and method.
② The inventory date decides to cooperate with the financial department’s cost accounts.
③ The selection of inventory review, monitoring or dumping personnel should have a certain level of order.
④ The reports and tables used for inventory must be printed in advance and exercise during personnel training.
⑤ The clearance of the warehouse and the settlement of accounts.
What are the treatment measures after inventory?
① Rear rewards and punishments based on management performance.
② The book correction of the ledger and material control card.
③ Insufficient materials are quickly handled.
④ Quickly handle and waste.
⑤ Strengthen the work of finishing, rectification, cleaning, and cleaning.
What are the preventive work?
① The ratio of a downturn is too heavy, and you should try to study to reduce the waste waste.
② The inventory turnover rate is low, and the amount of deposit is too large caused by too much financial burden, and it is advisable to reduce inventory.
③ When the material supply is not large, it will try to strengthen the cooperation between the material plan and inventory management and the purchase.
④ After the material inventory work is completed, the results of the difference, errors, dullness, profit and loss, loss, etc. should be handled separately and prevent it from happening in the future.
4 steps established by the standardization process of warehouses
First of all, according to the fixed area of the warehouse operation, such as the division of different operating areas such as the entrance area, picking area, outlet to be placed, and inspection area, each area corresponds to fixed products, and then each area allocates one to two. principal. In this way, employees and homework in each area are clearly divided, and different regions will not affect each other, thereby improving operating efficiency.
For the labels of the warehouse, we usually divide it into product labels and warehouse labels. The product label display data such as the barcodes, names, specifications, and storage locations of the product. The main function is: when it is put on the shelves in the warehouse, scan the shelves through PDA, and each product and library can be binded in real time to facilitate searching; when picking up the shelves, scan the product label through PDA The possibility of getting the wrong goods; when it is put on or after a product, the WMS system will be updated once to ensure that the inventory is accurate.
a. After the entry process: After the goods arrive, the employees choose the corresponding entry order on the PDA for scanning and acceptance. After the acceptance is correct, it will automatically generate a record in the background of the WMS system. Warehouse managers can directly view and review in the background. The entire process does not require paper and pen records, and the paperless operation is achieved.
At the same time, the entry process can also be divided into processes such as procurement storage, production storage, returns and other warehouses according to the needs.
b. Picking process: Through the wave function of the WMS system, automatically calculate and assign sorting tasks. When the order is allocated, the picker uses PDA to scan the code to pick the car truck logo through PDA Ensure the accuracy of picking.
c. Inventory process: Create the inventory order and review in advance. The employees have checked the inventory task with the PDA, and then went to the area to scan the inventory. After the inventory is correct, it will automatically generate inventory, disk, and disk reporting in the background of the WMS system to check the warehouse administrators to ensure that the account is consistent.
d. The outlet process: After the goods are reviewed and packed, put it in the outbound area, and the employees are confirmed through the PDA scan. After errors, the outlet record is automatically generated in the background of the WMS system. The warehouse manager can directly check and review the background, and then notify the vehicle to receive the goods. The entire process does not require paper and pen records, and the paperless operation is achieved.
At the same time, the outbound process can also be divided into processes such as sales of outlets, out -out databases, returns, and other outbounds according to demand.
In summary, the experience of the WMS system throughout the operation is: simpler management, higher efficiency, and higher accuracy, so that employees have more time to improve their business capabilities.