What is retail warehouse?

Retail warehouse refers to the warehouse directly used and managed by commodity retail companies. In the business field, there are tens of thousands of retail business enterprises. In order to ensure the supply of market goods and meet consumer demand, these retail commercial enterprises have established necessary commodity storage according to the principles of reserve.

Content of retail warehouse

Retail commercial enterprises must store goods, and there must be a corresponding retail warehouse. Features of retail warehouses: small scale in warehouses; simple warehouse equipment; warehouses are located in retail stores, most of which are front stores and rear libraries.

The main work of retail warehouse:

(1) Plan according to the business activities of the enterprise, receive the purchase of goods in a timely manner, and supply store sales.


(2) Establish short -term commodity inventory and regulate supply and demand relationship.

(3)For product processing, the purchase of goods will be processed as suitable for sales needs, including projects such as disassembly, finishing, processing, classification, classification, assembly, and distribution. Change the classification of commodity production into trade classification, which is conducive to the storage and storage of goods, promotes the sales of goods, and accelerates the flow of commodity circulation.

Inventory management of retail companies

Inventory management is a very important thing in retail operations, but domestic retail companies have a big gap compared with international outstanding retail companies in terms of efforts and management methods.


There are two important aspects in the operation of retail companies: one is the hardware investment of the store, such as venues, equipment, etc., and the other is the inventory of goods.


Domestic retail companies may have a wrong understanding to pay for suppliers based on sales volume. There is no investment in inventory products, but it is not invested, but this view is wrong. Even if the store is an actual sales, inventory management is still a problem that cannot be ignored.


If the work of the store is in place, from actual sales to goods to payment, usually, suppliers are willing to give the store more preferential conditions.


The correct approach should be that the management of retail enterprises can give suppliers a commitment: how long can they get the payment after the goods arrive. This is a real commitment, which requires a higher level of inventory management in retail companies.

The accounting period is that the supplier is delivered, and retail companies make a time to pay. On the surface, retail companies do not pay for payment, but if they think, there is no price on the product through the accounting period, and a problem is ignored. The supplier can agree to the accounting period. The two parties can reach the account period. This matter is also a price.


All in all, retail companies are invested in commodity inventory, and this part of investment is one of the most important assets of asset investment as retail companies that can continue to operate as retail companies.


Inventory is the input of assets, so it is necessary to reduce the input increase of output. The faster the inventory weekly, the larger the input output ratio, but the number of days of the turnover cannot be seen. The shorter the number of days, the better.

In terms of selling goods, retail companies need to be planned. Retail companies have determined what products are to sell, and the number of products is, and the shortage of goods becomes a very important thing. This is something that requires retail companies to pay attention to in operation. For example, after the work of landing categories, determine the composition of the product, to sell 100 products, and customers usually do not see 100 products in the store. The products that customers can see are less than 100. Customers can see 90 products, and the shortcomings are 10%; if the customer can see 95 products, the shortage rate is 5%.


Under normal circumstances, the smaller the shortcomings, the better. Disables can lead to loss of sales, and more importantly, loss of passenger flow. When customers come to the store to shop, if they find the lack of goods again and again, many customers will have no confidence in shopping in the store, and they will lose their customers’ loyalty to the store.


To allow customers to see as many products as possible in the store, then the shortage rate must be as small as possible. If you want to reduce the shortage rate, it is important to increase inventory. Increased inventory is to increase investment in retail companies.

Therefore, management costs are the significance of retail companies to do inventory management.

Three methods of retail industry storage

(1) Positioning and storage

Positioning storage means that each product has a fixed storage position. Different products are stored in accordance with the principles of classification of regional management, and placed in a shelf to place goods outside the specified place. The characteristics of this inventory method are easy to manage, less handling time, but more storage space.

(2) Random storage

Random storage means that the storage of each product is not fixed, but randomly generated. The advantage of this inventory method is that there are common storage positions, which greatly increases the utilization rate of the storage area space; the disadvantage is that it will cause difficulties in the management and inventory management of the goods, especially for products with high turnover rates. Placed at a distance from the exit population, increased the transportation distance of the entry and exit storage. This method is suitable for small space, small commodity varieties and small volume.

(3) Positioning random storage

Positioning random storage means that each type of cargo has a fixed storage area, but in various storage areas, the specification of each storage position is random. The advantage of this inventory method is that the advantages of positioning and storage can be absorbed, and at the same time, it can save the number of storage positions and increase the utilization rate of storage area.

Random storage and positioning random storage methods have high requirements for electronic automation management technology. At present, my country’s retail store warehouse inventory mainly depends on manual operations, so the positioning and storage method is generally used. After the store is positioned and storage, the location of the store should be made after the location is determined to make a warehouse inventory configuration diagram, and it is posted at the entrance of the warehouse to facilitate access. Generally speaking, the small amount of storage area should be as fixed as possible, and the entire box storage area should be used flexibly.

retail warehouse

Three key points that need to pay attention to when stored in retail stores

When storing goods, the storage area should be allocated according to the importance and sales of sales. Generally, the goods are light outside, the heavy ones are inside, taking the goods in the warehouse is taken from the inside, the heavy first, put it under the replenishment of the truck, it will not crush the light goods, or it will appear. The upper is salt, and the potato chips are prone to losses; if it is not easy to sell it, it is placed on it, which is easy to get it. This is some big principles, but there are some small details, reminding you to pay attention.


The first is the placement of warehouse products. Do not directly contact the ground. It is best to put a small shelf below. The advantage of this is that they are all heavier products, and most of them are packed in cartons. There are no hands on it, and the boxes are particularly laborious. But if there is a shelf below, the box is moved, and the box will hang out, and the hand will directly contact the bottom of the box, and you can immediately lift the box. Don’t underestimate this action, which can effectively reduce the work intensity of employees.

Second, if it is a livelihood retail store, pay special attention to the inventory process of fresh products. When receiving the goods, fresh products should be sampling first, and then transported to the small shop or warehouse. After being stored in a low -temperature safety zone, it is necessary to increase the strength and scope of sampling inspection, because once the fresh products are deteriorated, it is particularly easy to infect. In addition, when fresh products enter the warehouse, we must deduct the weight of the packaging. We usually call it “skin weight”. For example, 30 pounds of apples, “skin weight” accounts for 3 pounds. The wholesale price of this box of apples is 90 yuan, and the net cost per catty is 90 yuan except 27 pounds. The value of this is that only by knowing accurate costs can we accurately pricing, otherwise it may occur at a low price than the actual cost.


Third, in the process of inventory, it should be noted that fresh products are preserved. Generally speaking, dry goods, such as shiitake mushroom fungus, are stored in room temperature. If it is dry goods, it must be stored in a low temperature area. It must be noted that the refrigerated goods need to be tightly packed and packed and then put it into the warehouse. The dry goods must be noticed. Vegetables and vegetables are generally low -temperature and high humidity. But if there is no refrigerator in your shop, you can do this: Like leafy vegetables, you can spray some water to help keep fresh, melon, long beans, you can use ice water to keep fresh. In this way, water loss can be effectively reduced. It is easier to deteriorate. In the selling area, the temperature should be controlled at -1 ℃ ~ -2 ℃ in the display cabinet, so as to effectively ensure the freshness of the meat. One more thing to remind is that when storage and treatment of pigs, cattle, sheep, and poultry, we must be treated separately, including tools, cutting boards, and processing machines to avoid cross -infection.

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